Energy Characterization and Instruction-Level Energy Model of Intel's Xeon Phi Processor


Yakun Shao and David Brooks. 9/4/2013. “Energy Characterization and Instruction-Level Energy Model of Intel's Xeon Phi Processor.” In International Symposium on Low Power Electronics and Design (ISLPED). Publisher's Version


Intel’s Xeon Phi is the first commercial many-core/multi-thread x86-based processor. Xeon Phi belongs to a new breed of high performance computing processors that seek high compute density as well as energy efficiency. However, no high- level energy model is available for Xeon Phi software developers to quickly evaluate and optimize energy efficiency. This work demonstrates an instruction-level energy model for the Xeon Phi processor to facilitate the development of energy-efficient software. In order to construct this model, we first characterize the energy consumption of the processor, identifying how energy per instruction scales with the number of cores, the number of active threads per core, and instruction types. Based on the energy characterization, we construct an instruction-level energy model and validate the accuracy of the model between 1% and 5% for real world benchmarks. We show that the energy model can be used to identify software inefficiencies for these benchmarks and find that Linpack code can be optimized to increase energy efficiency by as much as 10%.
Last updated on 04/26/2022